How It’s Made: Vinyl Floors

It’s no surprise that vinyl flooring has become so popular: It’s easy to work with, it’s simple to maintain, and it can look just like other materials. What you might not know about vinyl flooring is how it comes to be. Keep reading for a quick walkthrough of how vinyl floors are put together.

PVC Sheets

Vinyl flooring gives its alternatives a great deal of competition because it’s so versatile, durable, and easy to work with. It’s sometimes referred to as PVC flooring, which stands for polyvinyl chloride. PVC isn’t the only material that goes into vinyl flooring, but the other materials involved will depend on the desired flexibility, hardness, and design style. By suspending vinyl in a liquid, you can roll the mixture into a thin sheet. You can use hot air to dry the liquid plastic and turn it into a strong sheet. VCT, or vinyl composition tile, uses synthetic fillers in the process.


Layered construction allows vinyl flooring to replicate the look of other types of flooring materials. This starts with the layer of foam plastisol, which should be about 25 millimeters in thickness. This layer is combined with a felt backing of equal thickness with the help of a plastic binder. Then there’s another clear layer of vinyl of about 10 millimeters that’s added to the top to protect the design printed on the vinyl. This is called the wear layer.


The printing technology is the reason vinyl flooring is so adaptable and versatile. A rotary printing process is used to create an image or design on the tile, just underneath the wear layer. You can also add colors to create the appearance of different textures, or even emboss the tile to add another dimension to your floor.


If you’re looking for new flooring in Tucson, look no further than Broadway Carpet. We can help you with everything from vinyl floors to real hardwood flooring to carpeting, so stop by our website or call us at (520) 296-8533 for more information.

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